Mr. Fred Hartman has an extensive background in models, simulations and training applications with Defense related management and analysis positions in both industry and government. He has specialized in problem solving with use of modeling and simulations, assessing training systems and technical applications for over 40 years. Fred graduated from the U. S. Military Academy with a BS in Engineering and served as a Field Artillery Officer in Korea and as an Army Aviator in Viet Nam. After receiving an MS in Operations Research from the Naval Postgraduate School, Fred completed several Army analytic assignments prior to leaving active duty for an industry career. In 1992 Fred became Chief Operating Officer, was co-founder and on the Board of Directors for Applied Solutions International, Inc, a technology start-up company with consulting services for Defense industries and international trade. Consulting and analysis at ASI included work for the United Nations Development Programme, Army Research Labs, and the Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR). Fred joined IDA in 1996 as a modeling and simulation advisor to the DUSD (Readiness). In 2003 Fred joined the Office of the USD (Personnel and Readiness) as Director, Training Transformation Joint Assessment and Enabling Capability and as Deputy Director, Readiness and Training Policy and Programs returning to IDA in 2007. Mr. Hartman continues to support the Department of Defense with strategic planning and training acquisition projects. In addition to leadership positions in modeling and simulation volunteer organizations Fred has served as a member of the Army Science Board, led a study panel for the National Academy of Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, and is a past President and Fellow of the Military Operations Research Society.